In the  Nakhichevan region, in Aylis at that time lived people equal to gods. They drew water, planted gardens and cut stones.They were Armenians, who had visited and toured hundreds of foreighn cities and villages, earning money bit by bit only to turn every inch of their Agulis land into a real little paradise. 

If a single candle were lit for every Armenian killed violently, the radiance of those candles would be brighter than the light of the moon. The Armenians endured everything, but they never agreed to change their faith. These people were tired and exhausted from violence, but they never stopped building their churches. writing their books and praying to their God, held up their hands to heaven. (Akram Aylisli, Azerbaijani writer and playwright).

In 2013 for these words written by him in his nover ‘Stone Dreams’ the writer was subjected to persecution and threats and deprived of all titles and awards in his country.

The History of the Land of  Nakhichevan.

    According to the interpretation of the Jewish historian Joseph Flavius in the 1st century the Armenian toponym Nakhijevan means place of the first landing (of Noah’s Ark). He wrote that the city of  Nakhichevan was built at the foot of the mountain top of which Noah’s Ark landed during biblical history. According to Max Fosmer the toponym of Nakhijevan is derived from the Armenian proper name nakhch and the word avan. German philologist Gerry Hubschman agrees with this interpretation. In the toponymic dictionary geographical names of the world the author Evgeniy Pospelov points out that in the earliest writing form the toponym Nakhichevan nakhcha is the ancient Armenian and represents a tribal name, and the element van very productive in the ancient toponymy of Transcaucasia and Asia minor was used with the meaning of a place, house and land. The encyclopedia ‘Britannica’ traces the history of the region and the city from about 1500 BC. In the second century AD the city was known to ptolemy under the name of Nakhchoana. 

At the beginning  of the second century BC as part of the Basorexia Region, Vaspurakan, Nakhchivan was the nest to greater Armenia by King Artashes the First, from the beginning of the second century BC from to 428AD the territory of modern Nakhichevan was part of two neighboring provinces of greater Armenia Vapurakan and Syunik. At the end of the fourth century the scientists and the monk Mesrop Mashtoc preached in the province of Vaspurakan it was there that he came to the idea and it was necessary to translate The Bible into Armenian for the local population to understand. The monastery on the place where Mashtots  preached was built in 456 and was being preserved until recently in the village named Mesropavan in honour of Mashtots. In 623 Nakhichevan continued to be one of the cities of Armenia through which the Byzantine Empire Heraklin made his campaign to Persia. In the middle of the 7th century the entire Transcaucasia fell under the authority of the Arab Caliphate. 

In Arab sources of that time Nakhichevan is mentioned as Nashava. In 705 Arabs burned a life in the churches of Nakhichevan and the neighbouring village several hundred representatives of the Armenian nobility who were invited by them allegedly to conclude a treaty. In 885 Nakhichevan was recaptured from the Arabs by the second king of Ani kingdom Smbat the First Bagratuni, who in 891 till 892 gave it on the rights of conditional position to the prince of Syunik. After that Nakhichevan as it was also called remained with Syunik it was ruled by Orbilian and Proshyan families who as it is seen from the chronicle from Stepanos retained their significance even after the Turkic conquest. Julium de Rubrach reported on his meeting with Armenians in Nakhichevan in 1253-1255. Rubrach who visited the city soon after its defeat by the Mongols found the place of that once greatest and most beautiful city almost a desert. Before there were 800 Armenian churches in it, now only two small ones, and the rest were destroyed by Saracens.

 In the 14th century Nahkichevan was ravaged by the invasion of Tamerlan. Approximately in the 1500 turkic nomadic kender tribe numbering four or five thousand people settled in Persia, Armenia to the north of the Araks river. As for the beginning of the 16th century the Nakhichevan region was inhabited by the christians and to a lesser extent persians. The process of expelling the Armenians of the Nakhichevan was clearly marked in the late 16th early 17th centuries during the Ottoman-persian wars when a large majority of the Armenian population of Nakhichevan region either died or was driven to Persia. At the same time Transcaucasia was not only spontaneously but also purposefully populated by Kurds and turkic nomadic tribes. In the autumn of 1603 Shah Abbas first occupied the Nakhichevan region during the war with the Ottoman Empire but in the summer of 1604 the Ottoman troops launched a counter-offensive that took Shah Abbas by surprise. Not hoping to hold the seized lands Shah Abbas decided to implement the scorched earth tactics and withdraw the entire population of Nakhichevan and everyone both Armenian and Muslim deep into Persia.

Arakel Davrizhetsi, a contemporary of the great sargon wrote he turned a prosperous and fertile Armenia into an uninhabited desert. In total 250-300thousand Armenians were driven from Nakhichevan and everyone to Persia. In particular, Jupha, a large city inhabited mainly by Armenians and a center of Armenian trade in the region, lost its population. About 20 000residents of Jupha were relocated to Isfahan where they formed the Armenian suburb that still exists today.