Speaking to Tert.am, Director of the National Academy’s Institute of Oriental Studies Ruben Safrastyan called attention to the document’s historical reality in the current state of affairs. “We should not forget that the Treaty of Sèvres – which though never became effective – has always existed and exists as a historical document. Secondly, we see the Middle East entering a phase that can be characterized best as one of returning borders and creating states; hence, the Treaty of Sèvres is gaining actuality again. Under the circumstances, the big states may, quite possibly, make reference to the Treaty of Sèvres, treating it, of course, as a historical document rather than one having a legal effect,” he noted.
The orientalist said he thinks that Armenia must be ready to raise its demands before the said scenario becomes a reality.
Under the Treaty of Sèvres (August 10, 1920), signed between the Ottoman Sultanate and the countries declared winners of World War One, Turkey recognized Armenia as a free and independent state (under international law, Armenia, as a state party to the Treaty, was de jurerecognized by the other signatories), and Armenia and Turkey agreed to leave the border demarcation between the two states (in the provinces of Erzurum, Trabzon, Van and Bitlis) to the United States’ discretion, and to accept its decision, as well as all the proposals for giving Armenia an exit to sea and demilitarizing all the Ottoman territories close to the said border line. Additionally, the Ottoman Government’s “Abandoned Property” law (1915) was declared null and void.
As for the reported plan for declaring Dersim a Kurdish autonomous region, Safrastyan said he doesn’t think that it should be treated seriously given that the Turkish authorities are very likely to silence the issue through pressure and force of law.