The city of Yerznka in Western Armenia in the Middle Ages was proclaimed an outstanding center of trade and crafts and one of the important destinations of the Metaks Road, due to its key position on transit trade roads through Armenia north from the south to the Black Sea, and west of the East. Many examples of the crafts of the city enjoyed the reputation of the best and were in great demand in the markets of the East. The famous traveler of the 13th century Marco Polo, who visited Yerznka in the 1270s, reports in which the best cotton fabric in the world is being developed -buckram. There were beautiful kerpas, various copper vessels and objects in the city, especially copper decorative candlesticks, which were prepared from copper extracted from the province’s mines.
In the second half of the 19th– early 20th century, the main branches of handicraft production in the cities of Yerznka and in the province were textile production (production of cotton fabrics), leather and copper production. The territory of Western Armenia, having become the scene of battles of Turkish tribes, after the conquest by the Ottoman Turks, Yerznka lost its former importance as a center of international trade, remaining, however, one of the trade hubs between the Ottoman Empire and Persia.