Western Armenia – The Congress of  the United States has been going to discuss the “Lausanne Peace Treaty” since 1927. US President John Calvin Coolidge, the 30th Republican president. The balance of power in Congress is 48 Republicans (majority), 46 Democrats (minority) – another nonpartisan senator.

The Chairman of the Senate is Vice President of the United States Charles Gates Dawes from the Republican Party, the speaker is Nicholas Longswur, a representative of the Republican Party.

Nicholas Longsvur. “Dear Senators, today the United States Senate is discussing the Lausanne Peace Treaty on behalf of the American people. Before giving the floor to the senators, I would like to confirm that the US Congress has ratified the Treaty of Sevres and accepted President Wilson’s arbitration decision of November 22, 1920. I give the floor to Senator Peter Gerry.

    Peter Garry: “Dear Senate, the First World War claimed the lives of millions of people, it also destroyed many empires that kept many nations under the yoke of tyranny. Today I consider it shameful that the United States is discussing a treaty that aims to enslave these peoples once again. Since 1915 the Christian population of the Ottoman Empire was massacred, and the Armenians who lived on their historical lands suffered the most, which was confirmed by the Arbitration Decision of President Wilson.Today, the Armenian people have the opportunity to restore their independent country, the just borders of which are outlined, we have no right to deprive the oldest Christian people of their country. I am against the Lausanne Treaty and I urge my colleagues to support me.”

    Charles Evans Hughes: “As US Secretary of State, I support Senator Jerry’s speech. The main documents on the fate of the Ottoman Empire in the United States have already been adopted, and we cannot take the Treaty of Lausanne seriously. To be honest, this treaty has a monarchical, colonial character, when a small nation becomes the key to the game of the metropolises. In addition, the allied powers not only sold the interests of the Armenian and Greek peoples, but also ignored the Treaty of Sevres, ignored the decision of the American people. Today we must show that America is built on different values – freedom and justice.”

    Joseph Grew: “I am ashamed that my country, which waged a war for independence, a war for freedom of conscience, is silent today. Why didn’t we issue an ultimatum to France and the UK? Why didn’t we provide proper support to the Armenians when they needed it? Turkey agreed with Russia on the division of Armenian lands, why were we silent and why are we silent now? I call on the US Senate to confirm the Treaty of Sevres and to send the official position of the USA to France and England and not to recognize the new government in Russia and Turkey.”

    Herbert Hoover (Secretary of Commerce): “I, like the entire American people, grieve together with the Armenian people, who were subjected to a terrible tragedy. But, the Lausanne Treaty has been signed by all the winning countries, and we have to do it. Today, America is in the grip of a crisis and trade with Turkey is important for our economy. Without signing the Treaty of Lausanne, we will not be able to take full advantage of this trade.”

    Allen Dulles (President of the Middle East Division in the USA): “The ratification of the treaty is important not only to protect our trade, but also to protect our schools and other charitable missions in the Middle East. Turkey also has an important strategic position, our ships pass through its straits, which is very important not only for the economy, but also for the US presence in the region.”

Samuel Shutridge: “When I heard the speeches of Mr. Hoover and Dulles, I felt ashamed. It is a shame that such people call themselves Americans and hold such important positions. Now the United States is facing a choice: “The price of the lives of entire peoples and their freedom or the price of trade and economic benefits.” If a choice is made today in favor of trade and economy, I will renounce my citizenship and leave America forever. My ancestors fought for another America, I serve another America, not the America of such personalities as Hoover and Dulles.”

Lee Overman: “The Treaty of Sevres cannot be questioned here, in the walls where my state was born. I am categorically against discussing shameful treaties that violate the rights of the Armenian people within these walls. The United States recognized Armenia within the borders of the 1920 treaties, and I will fight till the end for this decision to be implemented.”

After a three-hour discussion, Speaker Nicholas Longsworth moved on to the voting procedure. The result made the Senate hall chant: 90 – against and 6 – for, the US Senate rejected the Treaty of Lausanne and confirmed the validity of the Treaty of Sevres and the Woodrow Wilson Arbitration Award.

    A week later, a letter with the decision is sent to President John Coolidge, who approves the decision of the US Senate with his official message. It would not be unnecessary to repeat that this decision of the US Congress is the greatest diplomatic victory of the Armenian people, which allows them to fight for their just rights today.

    Unfortunately, few people know about this historical process today, but we must carefully keep in mind the name of Vahan Kardashian, without whom today the entire struggle for the rights of the Armenian people in this direction would not have such a solid foundation. The Armenian people need to use the fruits of the great victory within the walls of the Congress of 1927 to achieve the final goal .

We have been going to this for too long and it’s hard to stop halfway.

The materials of the Library of Congress of the USA for the period 1920-1929 were used in the preparation.

Areg Galstyan

In the photo: Members of the American Committee for the Independence of Armenia and senators after the meeting of 1927. Source: Apricot / Ծիրան

    Article 25. The Treaty of Lausanne

Turkey undertakes to recognize the full value of the peace treaties and additional conventions concluded by other contracting Powers with the Powers that fought on the side of Turkey, to agree to the provisions that have been or will be adopted with respect to the territories of the former German Empire, Austria, Hungary and Bulgaria, and to recognize new States within the established borders.