The massacre in Adana took place in April 1909 against the Armenian population of Adana and the Aleppo vilayets of Western Armenia organized by the Turkish authorities. The Armenians of Adana and Cilicia in general, who resisted the pogroms of the 1890s in self-defense, were able to advance in the economic, cultural and social spheres, concentrating the trade and industry of the region in their hands. The Turkish regressive forces began to devastate the Armenians because of the seizure of power from the Turks and the restoration of the “Armenian kingdom”. 

On the eve of the massacre, the authorities distributed a large amount of weapons and ammunition to the Muslim population. On April 1, a Turkish crowd destroyed the streets, squares, and neighborhoods of the city and began the massacre of Armenians. The first massacre lasted fifteen days and the second massacre in May, again fifteen days. About 30,000 people became victims of the massacre in Adana (Cilicia), of which more than 20,000 were in the vilayet in Adana. Dozens of Armenian-populated towns and villages were destroyed and burned.