The Bayazet fortress was built in the Kogovit province of the Ayrarat province of Greater Armenia in the valley of the Makva River. Until the beginning of the V century, it belonged to the Arshakuni, being their fortress-treasury, then it passed to Bagratuni. In the 10th century it belonged to the Artsruni ministerial house. It was captured by the Mongols in the 13th century. According to the Turkish–Persian treaty of 1555, the Bayazet fortress came under the control of the Ottoman Empire. In honor of the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid I (1389-1402) from the 15th century, the fortress was called Bayazet. 

On August 28, 1828, with the help of Armenian volunteers, the fortress was captured by Russian troops, but on September 2, 1829, Turkey was returned under the Adrianopolis peace treaty. On July 29, 1854, Russian troops captured the Bayazet fortress for the second time, but it was returned  to Turkey by the Paris Peace Treaty of March 18, 1856. 

According to the Russian-Turkish peace treaty of San Stefano of February 19, 1878, Bayazet passed to Russia, but by the decision of the Berlin International Congress of July 1 of the same year, it was returned to Turkey again. In March 1918, Bayazet’s Fortress was finally captured by the Turkish troops invading Transcaucasia.