Historian Ruben Shukhyan writes: “A wonderful map. Territorial claims of the USSR to Turkey after World War II. It is necessary to know history comprehensively in order to be able to find a complete and objective picture of the historical realities that interest us by comparing various facts and events.

On March 19, 1945, when the party of the East Germany was predetermined and the 2nd World War in Europe was nearing completion, the USSR annulled the Soviet-Turkish treaty signed on December 17, 1925, which, by the way, was the only one at that time in this way and actually replaced the Moscow Russian-Turkish Treaty of 1921.

“As a result of the profound changes that took place during the Second World War, this treaty no longer corresponds to the new situation and needs serious improvement”.

The Minister of Foreign Affairs of the USSR Molotov informed the Turkish Ambassador in Moscow Sarper that it is necessary to make changes to the legal status of the USSR-Turkey border and the Bosphorus and the Dardanelles.

When Sarper asked if “some changes” relate to the eastern borders of Turkey -Kars and Ardahan, Molotov confirmed: “Yes, I mean the abstraction of the former injustice”

The Turkish ambassador immediately reacted to the fact that the Moscow Treaty of 1921 was by no means imposed on Soviet Russia.

Anyway, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Soviet Armenia, Sahak Karapetyan, fulfilling the Kremlin’s assignment, on April 3, 1945, was preparing three options for expanding the new borders of the USSR in Turkey. 

The first to return the Kars region, Ardahan and Surmalu province to the USSR, in other words- to restore the Russian-Turkish state border of 1914.

The second – to restore the borders between Russia and Turkey under the San Stefano Treaty of 1878, that is, in addition to the Kars region, to return Soviet Armenia to the Alashkert Valley through the city of Bayazet.

The third – in addition to the Kars region, Surmalu province and the Alashkert Valley, to return three of  six Armenian vilayets-Karin, Van and Bitlis, which were given to Armenia in 1920 by the allies of the USSR in 1945- the USA, Great Britain and France.

We believe that what is important here is that according to the third option, the USSR actually made an attempt, so to speak, to “make its own” the territories defined by the provisions of the Treaty of Sevres and Wilson’s Arbitration Award, which, however, did not work out, but that’s another story.”

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