Western Armenia- 1920, on May 11, the U.S. Senate approved resolution 359 recognizing the independence of the Republic of Armenia from the territories of Western Armenia, where the Genocide of Armenians took place.
According to a Congressional report 106, 2000, based on resolution 596, the United States declares that the Ottoman Empire designed and carried out the genocide against ethnic Armenians in 1915-1923, as a result of which one and a half million Armenians were killed, half a million more people were deported and Armenians were expelled from their 2,500-year-old homeland.
The report notes that in May 1915, the allied powers of the First World War for the first time in history accused the government of this empire of a “crime against humanity” and stated that they would be personally responsible to all the members of the Ottoman government for this crime.
The report notes that after the First World War, the Turkish government itself brought charges against the main leaders involved in the “organization and implementation of the Genocide of Armenians” and the “massacre and extermination of Armenians”, but the sentences of the courts against these people, including the death penalty, were not carried out.
The report notes that the National Archives of the United States and the archives of Austria, France, Germany, the United Kingdom and Russia hold certificates of the Armenian Genocide, complete and detailed documents, and that the National Archives of Turkey will also store documents on people responsible for the Genocide of Armenians. The report also notes that the US Ambassador to the Ottoman Empire, Henry Morgenthau, led protests by officials from different countries against the Genocide of Armenians and presented the policy of the Ottoman government to the State Department as a “campaign of racial extermination.”
Referring to Senate Resolution No. 12 of February 9, 1916, which states that the President should appoint a day when US citizens can create a fund to help suffering Armenians. US President Wilson announced that he had contributed to the creation of the organization “Near East Relief”, later the survivors of the Genocide of Armenians received assistance by thiis organization in the amount of $ 116 million in 1915-1930. Reference is made to Senate Resolution 359 of May 11, 1920, which stated that the truth about the massacre of Armenians was confirmed.
President of the Western Republic of Armenia Armenag Aprahamian from the United States, where thousands of descendants of the victims of the Genocide of Armenians live, on the occasion of the 102nd commamaration of the recognition of the independence of the Republic of Armenia (Western) expresses gratitude and congratulates President Joe Biden, his administration, the US Congress and Senate for paying attention to this population, which, after the passage of Senate Resolution 359, affirms that the Genocide of Armenians was defined as a type of crime that the United Nations sought to prevent; when on December 11, 1946, the UN adopted the first resolution on genocide, and the UN Commission on War Crimes mentioned the Genocide of Armenians as the kind of act that should have been expressed by the term “crime against humanity” as a precedent for the Nuremberg trials.