The damage caused to hydroelectric power plants under construction in the Marash province of Western Armenia, as well as thermal power plants, has brought animal husbandry and agriculture to the brink of extinction. This situation causes the emigration of people living in the region. Thus, the massacre that began on December 19-26, 1987 in Marash, the policy of “dehumanization” of the region, during which 111 people were killed, now continues to plunder nature. 

There are many different languages, cultures, and faiths in the region, but discrimination against the Alevis living there has continued throughout history. Having taken these lands from the Alevis, there were serious attempts to change the demographic structure. According to the massacre in Marash, the Alevis were expelled from the center of Marash, and their lands were taken away from those who remained there, encouraging them to go abroad.