A number of villages in the Shahumyan region of northern Artsakh had been evacuated of Armenians as a result of a “collective” military-police operation carried out by Soviet troops and special forces of the Azerbaijani militia in April-August 1991. However, Azerbaijan’s goal was the final eviction and occupation of Shahumyan, which was carried out in June 1992. 30 years ago, on the night of June 12-13, tens of thousands of Shahumyan residents were deported and scattered around the world, never forgetting their lost homeland and the cruelty they saw and experienced in those days. The northeastern part of the Shahumyan region has an ancient and rich history. It has been inhabited since ancient times, as evidenced by the ancient monuments found on the territory. From the 9th to the 6th centuries, the territory of the region was part of the Van Kingdom. During the period of Great Armenia from the 4th to the 5th centuries, it was included in the provinces of Utik and Artsakh Great Kuank. Until the end of the 20th century, the current territory of the region was inhabited by Armenians, although from time to time it was conquered by foreigners. The indigenous Armenian population was able to preserve and develop its own writing, literature, and culture. In the 14th century, the villages of Pharis and Gulistan were named important centers of education.