The city of Mardin is located in the southeastern part of Western Armenia. It is one of the ancient fortress cities of Mesopotamia. It was located between the cities of Edesia and Mtsbin. The foundation of one of the most important settlements of many civilizations in history – the city of Mardin in Western Armenia – dates back to 4500 BC. Mardin at the age of 6,500 years is among the candidates for the UNESCO World Heritage List. Mardin was called the “city of fortresses”, and was one of the important settlements of many civilizations throughout its history. Being one of the cities of the Armenian, Sumerian, Babylonian, Mitanni, Subaru, Persian, and Ottoman dominions, Mardin is the most important city in terms of cultural diversity.