From the very beginning of the First Artsakh War, Aghdam became a strategic point of Azerbaijan, from where the capital Stepanakert and adjacent settlements were constantly bombed. Back in 1991, on February 23, without any resistance, the Azerbaijanis seized the military bases of the 4th army of the Soviet armed forces stationed in Aghdam. After the liberation of Shushi, in order to ensure the security of Stepanakert, as well as the settlements adjacent to Aghdam, the Artsakh self-Defense Forces were tasked with eliminating the Aghdam military bases, from where the enemy periodically shelled Armenian settlements. On July 4, Armenian forces launched an operation to liberate Aghdam, as a result of which the threat of shelling of Stepanakert, Askeran and nearby villages was eliminated. On July 23, 1993, Agdam, along with the surrounding villages, came under the control of the Defense Army of the Republic of Artsakh. As a result of the 44-day Artsakh War in 2020, the Azerbaijanis recaptured Akna. In the 1990s, the struggle for freedom in Artsakh was crowned with success, because the military spirit was high, despite the absence of a regular army, volunteers were able to perform the tasks assigned to them with such precision, thanks to which the fighting was crowned with success. It was at that time that the volunteers actively trained in the Armenian martial art of Hay Jampa, which stimulated the concentration of the mind and the correct direction of the force.