Armenian culture continues to be distinguished by its unique craftsmanship, of which, unfortunately, few have been preserved today.

In Armenia, rich in stone varieties, masonry has been developed since ancient times. Houses, castles, churches, bridges were mostly built of stone. Later on, clay was discovered and pottery developed a lot. Craftsmen engaged in working with stone, masters who made artistic sculptures on stone are called stonemasons. Even the most prominent architects were called stonemasons. They not only built cities, castles, notable civil buildings, temples, caravanserais and bridges, erected monuments, but also made mills and oil millstones, mortars, troughs and vessels and other things and objects. Stonework is a traditional and popular craft of the Armenian people and has often been transformed into a true art and still retains its traditional strength and power.