The problem of studying the place names of Western Armenia, besides its purely scientific significance, also has great political importance.
For the study of the history of any historical and geographical region, especially of its ancient period, place names contain an enormous amount of material. From this point of view, the study of place names of historical-ethnographic areas, which give rise to serious conflicts in historiography, including political disagreements, is particularly important. In particular, we are talking about Javakhk. Javakhk is mentioned as the eighth of the provinces of Gugark, the thirteenth of the 15 states of the Great Armenian Kingdom. The place name Javakhk, as seen from the inscriptions of the Ararat kingdom, Zabikha-Javakha-Javakhk is the transliterated version of the name of the country Zabakha mentioned in the northern Armenian highlands since the end of the 9th century. In Javakhk again one of the ancient Indo-European place names mentioned in the 2nd century is Tsunda, which comes from the word birth.
According to Ghevond Alishan, the Vardzia region, which is part of Javakhk, was also known as Vardzunik and Verdzarunik. According to tradition, the Vardzunyats cross placed by the hand of Saint Mesrop was found there.
The toponymic problems of Javakhk still need a serious scientific etymology. The presence of Armenian place names in Javakhk proves once again that Armenians have inhabited this region since ancient times and are the bearers of its history and culture.