Carpet making is one of the oldest and most valued crafts of the Armenian people. It has earned its unique place in the universal treasure of culture. Since ancient times in Western Armenia, carpets decorated apartments and churches, protected people from the cold and were used as clothing. The carpets had different names: Karin, Chmshksatsag, Varanda, Armani, Vishapakarpet and many other names, which mostly indicate one or another Armenian region.

Armenian, being a rich language, has had many synonyms for the word carpet, which are: khali, carpet, tapestry lotots, plural, etc.

Carpet ornaments are related in content to other branches of Armenian applied art. The ancient carpets have not been preserved, but their numerous decorations can be seen on stone monuments, the khachkars. The motifs of the Armenian carpet are geometrical, animal and vegetable. Geometric ornamentation is more characteristic of the tapestry technique. The simplest and most common ornament is the triangle. The cross is a widespread ornament in various works of Armenian culture. Of course, the initial form was the image of an isosceles cross. It was typical in various areas of Hay culture as a symbol of the four elements that make up the materiality of the world: air, water, earth, fire. A group of researchers of this ornament considers the cross as a symbol of the sun.