The policy of persecution against non-Turkish peoples carried out for centuries in the Ottoman Empire did not bypass the linguistic sphere either. Naturally, the main goal of that policy was to force all non-Turkish peoples living in the territory of the empire to stop using and forget their mother tongue, and use Turkish (Ottoman) instead.
Socio-political developments related to language became more active in the Ottoman Empire from the beginning of the 19th century, in particular, parallel to the Tanzimat reforms, when intellectuals tried to simplify the difficult Ottoman language, but these efforts had another goal: to increase the geography and level of Turkish speaking. The Ottoman constitution adopted in 1876 gave Turkish (Ottoman) the status of a state-official language for the first time.
Elaborate steps to impose the Turkish language were even more evident at the beginning of the 20th century during the Young Turkish rule, and the struggle against the languages of non-Turkish peoples began to acquire a state-organized character. For example, according to academician Hrachik Simonyan, the city authorities in Constantinople replaced the French signs with Turkish ones in 1-2 days, the call-instruction “must be written in Turkish” was spread.
Along with the state structures, the Muslim society was also involved in the struggle against the languages of non-Turkish peoples, and there were records of breaking signs in other languages, public violence against non-Turkish speakers, etc. These persecutions and threats gave some results and the intimidated merchants, artisans, hoteliers, etc. started to change the Armenian, Greek, French, Italian writings of their shops, workshops, hotels into Turkish.
Like other components of nationalist politics, the struggle against the mother tongues of non-Turkish peoples continued with almost the same methods during the Turkish rule. It should be stated and emphasized that according to the Treaty of Lausanne, the non-Turkish peoples living in Occupied Western Armenia had the right to use their native languages, to publish newspapers in their native language, which, among other rights, was openly violated. It should be noted that the linguistic persecution of the Turkish government was reflected not only against Armenians, but also against Islamic Kurds, Circassians and other peoples