The Berlin Congress became the occasion for heated exchanges and debates between Constantinople Armenians, and they were unable to develop a common opinion, which also had an impact on the composition formed to participate in the Congress.
Of the three members of the delegation, Mr. Cherazymoli was Anglophile, Nar Pei (Khoren Galfayan) was Russophile, and Mr. Khrimyan declared that he was on the side of the power that would solve “our problem”, but he disagreed with those who raised the question of eliminating the West.
Armenia from the Ottoman Empire. This diversity of opinion had a serious negative impact on the delegation’s activities, as arguments and noise took up a lot of time. In order to reconcile the members of the delegation, the patriarch sent the fourth figure to Berlin, St. Papazian, the Ottoman ambassador to Berlin. They laughed at each other: Khrimyan is a turcophile, Cheraz is an anglophile, Nar Pei – russophile, and Papazyan – conciliator, this is the Armenian delegation. However, the prevailing opinion in the Armenian regions was to resolve the Armenian question with the help of England.
The main conflicting forces in Berlin were England and Russia.
. The war between Turkey and Russia was still going on, when England announced to the world that by occupying Armenia, Russia was closing England’s trade routes. Benjamin Disraeli demanded that Russia stop its offensive operations, or he would send an army of 300,000 men. Queen Victoria even declared, “How I wish I could be a man and fight the Russians.” Disraeli praised the kindness of the Turks and wore a fez at home. The Russian delegation was led by Foreign Minister A. Gorshakov, which also included Count Shuvalov.
England’s proposals to the Assembly were strongly anti-Russian and negated the victories of Russian arms. When Bismarck asked Disraeli if his proposals were ultimatums, the latter replied: “Antarakuys”, and if they are not accepted, England will start a war.
One European author described the Berlin Congress as a “meeting of eels”. Not only England, but also the representatives of the other states taking part in the Congress did not hesitate to make speeches and promises about humanitarian objectives, protecting the interests of small and oppressed peoples, but in practice they were occupied by the colonialist egoism of their states.