WESTERN ARMENIA – According to armenian press, Prime Minister Nikol PASHINYAN said in a recent interview with Corriere della Sera that Armenia is ready to re-establish diplomatic relations with Turkey without preconditions.

“We have said and I reiterate that we are ready to re-establish diplomatic relations with Turkey without any preconditions. The international recognition of the “Armenian Genocide” is not a precondition when it comes to re-establishing the diplomatic relations with Turkey. That recognition is a very important process, which is necessary not just for our relations with them but, as I have already mentioned, for the global prevention of genocides,” ARMENPRESS quotes him as telling the leading Italian newspaper.

We asked President Armenag APRAHAMIAN for his analysis of this statement.

Armenag APRAHAMIAN: The question of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Armenia (Eastern) and the Republic of Turkey, which seems simple at first sight, is indeed of a very complex nature.

About what or who are we talking about?

About the Republic of Turkey, the successor state of the Ottoman Empire which in its Republican birth phase has pursued the destructive policies of previous governments by the extermination of indigenous Armenian people who have survived the previous and ongoing massacres in the Republic of Armenia ( Western) newly recognized by Russia (1918) as a state and by the Supreme Council of the Allied Powers (1920). Who occupies the territory of this state and denies the crime of genocide that he committed on 2 million Armenians, yet recognized internationally.

Member of the League of Nations since July 18, 1932, and a member of the United Nations since October 24, 1945.

The Republic of Turkey or Turkey being the first state to recognize the Republic of Armenia (Eastern) that is to say outside the occupation of Western Armenia since June 4, 1918, then December 2, 1920 , and then in 1991, the Republic of Turkey was one of the first states to recognize the Republic of Armenia (Eastern).

About the Republic of Armenia (Eastern), which before being a Republic of Armenia was a Republic of Soviet Armenia and before being Soviet, it was the Armenian Republic of the Caucasus with an area of 11,000 km². The Republic of Armenia (Orientale) became a member of the United Nations in 1992.

Since the Treaty of Batum of 4 June 1918, the Armenian Republic of the Caucasus and today the Republic of Armenia (Orientale) has never really ceased to have diplomatic relations with Turkey.

I want to bring as an example the litting of the flame of the 7th Pan-Armenian Games that took place on the Mussa-Dagh by the World Committee of Pan-Armenian Games following a flight between Yerevan and Van. You sincerely believe that a flight of this type can be done without any diplomatic relations?

From April 2009 to October 2009, 10 years ago, after having agreed on Armenian-Turkish protocols, presidents Abdullah Gül and Serge Sarkissian preferred to implement a less political diplomacy that is football, which resulted in disavowal of the entire Armenian population.

These protocols are de facto applied, identical to the Treaty of Sèvres in 1920, which has not been ratified by the Allied Powers, yet signed, but applied according to their foreign policy.

The facts are there and the speeches of Armenian diplomacy (Eastern) are coherent with the facts, only Western Armenia as long as it exists in the heart of its population will carry the torch of freedom and the application of international law .

Yet there is a problem for Turkey, it is Article 11 of the Declaration of Independence of the Republic of Armenia (Eastern) of 1990, which recognizes that genocide was perpetrated in a Western Armenia which has been recognized as a State by the Allied Powers: this is the only point that brings the Republic of Armenia (Eastern) and the Republic of Western Armenia closer together (voluntarily or not).


I fully understand that this point is a very delicate point in the future of diplomatic relations between the Republic of Turkey and the Republic of Armenia (Eastern), especially as the Centenary of the Treaty of Sèvres approaches.

It is quite possible that in order to consolidate a policy of rapprochement with Turkey, the authorities of Yerevan decide eventually to return to article 11 of the declaration of independence of the Republic of Armenia (Eastern), which will have to make subject of a constitutional change claiming that Western Armenia never existed and that the genocide did not take place therefore in Western Armenia.

Some personalities in Yerevan that you know, are trying to defend the anti-constitutional thesis today that it is the Republic of Armenia (Eastern) which should be a successor State of the rights recognized in Western Armenia. Ther aim is not the application of territorial claims or consequent reparations to the genocide, but to profit from them on the basis of occupation compensation, a total misappropriation of the rights of Armenians of Western Armenia who have suffered genocide.

They deny that Western Armenia exists and that it is the State that continues the rights recognized and consistent with the genocide of the indigenous peoples who lived on their territory.

The moment of truth is coming, after all these posturing that took place in domestic politics in the Republic of Armenia since the end of the Artsakh war, we are entering the phase of not only claiming but implementing the rights of the Armenian nation, 2020 is an important  year for the entire Armenian nation.