At the level of international law, in accordance with Article 92 of the Treaty of Sevres, the relevant borders between “Armenia (Western Armenia), Azerbaijan and Georgia” shall be determined by direct agreement between the States concerned.
In the case that the States concerned fail to reach an agreement, the boundary in question shall be determined by the principal Allied Powers, who shall also be responsible for its conduct.
Also, in application of the Treaty of Sèvres, President W. Wilson adopted on November 22, 1920 an award on the delimitation of the western border of the Armenian state.
The Autonomous Region of Nagorno-Karabakh began its process of secession from the USSR at the same time as the Soviet Socialist Republics of Armenia and Azerbaijan.
On February 26, 1988 a million people marched in Yerevan, claiming the attachment of Artsakh to Armenia (in 1988 Soviet (Eastern) Armenia had not yet declared its independence). The Artsakh parliament voted for union with Armenia on February 20, 1988, and a referendum granted to the people of Artsakh determined the same wish.
Armenia (Eastern) declared itself independent on August 23, 1990 without having joined Artsakh. Thus, Artsakh remains on the level of international law attached to Western Armenia recognized in 1920.
The question of the eastern border of the Armenian State of Western Armenia, provoked the war in Artsakh in 1990 started by Azerbaijan in order to push the borders without any consultation with the Armenian State as far as its military forces could allow to have a crossroads with Nakhichevan.
The heroic resistance of the Armenian people stopped Azerbaijan’s plan to territorially annex Nakhichevan and implement the Treaty of Batum.
The Treaty of Batumi was signed by Turkey with the Government of the Armenian Republic of the Caucasus on June 4,1918, without taking into account the situation in Zangezur (Mountainous Armenia) due to the efforts of General Andranik Ozanyan and Garegin Nzhdeh
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