The Convention on the prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, which was drafted by United Nations in order to make possible the legal punishment and prevention of the mass destruction of national, religious and racial group.

Following the Nuremberg Trials, lawyer Raphael Lemkin focused his efforts on drafting an international document condemning the genocide at the UN General Assembly. In October of 1946 India, Cuba and Panama requested that the issue of genocide be included in the agenda of the first meeting of the UN General Assembly. They called on the General Assembly to condemn the crime of genocide, even if it is committed in peace.

On December 11, 1946, the UN General Assembly adopted Resolution 95 (1), which established the principles of international law enshrined in the Statute of the International Court of Justice in Nuremberg. Resolution 96 is also approved by the General Assembly.

According to the resolution, the General Assembly affirmed that genocide is an international legal crime. UN Secretary-General Trigve Lee asked Lemkin to draft a genocide convention. The draft was developed in 1947 by Vespasian Pella, a Romanian lawyer, and a French legal expert from Lemkin, Donadier de Vabri.

As a result of the existing conflicts between the USSR and the USA, which was involved in the Cold War, certain important provisions were removed from the final text of the convention. It was presented to the UN General Assembly in September-December.

The text of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide was adopted by the UN General Assembly on December 9, 1948. The main purpose of this convention was to affirm the fact that genocide is a crime under international law.