Armen Tigranyan (26 December 1879, Alexandropol – 10 February 1950, Tbilisi) was an Armenian music composer and conductor. He is the Honored Art Worker of the USSR and GSSR and the founder of the Armenian National Opera.

Tigranian was born in Alexandropol. From an early age he played the flute and participated in the concerts of the school brass band. In 1894 he moved  to Tbilisi with his family. In 1902 he graduated from a music college, returned to Alexandropol, organized four-part choirs in school. He toured with the choir in Tbilisi (Georgia), Baku and Kars.

In 1908, Tigranyan started writing his first opera, Anush (according to Hovhannes Tumanyan), which laid a foundation for a new stylistic direction in the Armenian Musical Theater. “Anush” was first staged in 1912 in Alexandropol and in 1935 in Yerevan.

The melodies created by the composer have spread becoming popular.

Tigranyan has lived in Tbilisi (Georgia) since 1913 and participated in the activities of the Armenian Music Society (1912-1921).

In the 1920s and 1930s Tigranyan composed a number of songs, choirs and piano plays.

He wrote music for the theater (“Gikor”, “A Drop of Honey”, “Anahit”, “Namus”, “Samvel”, “David Bek”.

Streets and music schools were named after Tigranyan in Yerevan and Gyumri. There is also a house-museum in Gyumri.

Armen Tigranyan is buried in Yerevan Central Cemetery.