The Treaty of the Sevres, signed by the Allies in order to overthrow the Ottoman Empire in 1920, still brings memories in Turkey.
It continues to be the representation of Western colonial ambitions one hundred years later.
After Versailles, where the treaty of the Paris Peace Conference was signed, which officially put an end to World War I, Sevres plays a key role in the reorganization of the world.
The victorious powers and representatives of Sultan Mehmed VI met there in 1920 in order to seal the fate of the Ottoman Empire, to divide the Middle East into zones of British and French influence. In revolt, General Mustafa Kemal Ataturk’s national forces are pushing back foreign armies who wished to divide Turkish territory through the application of the Treaty of the Sevres.
The treaty, even if never ratified, still left such a deep impression on Turkish minds that it is known as the “Sèvres syndrome”.
“It crystallises all the conspiratorial fears that we encounter in Turkey today,” explains Middle East journalist Daniel Gerlach.
With the help of numerous archive images and the insights of several historians, the film analyses the current consequences for the Middle East of an agreement conceived at the beginning of the last century.
Animated maps and excerpts from the speeches of leaders punctuate this rich deciphering, which allows a better understanding of the current tensions in the country led by Recep Tayyip Erdogan and its neighbours.
The heavy legacy of the treaties – 1920, the end of the Ottomans is available for a few days after its broadcast on Arte.