The uprising of Zeytun in 1895-1896 was the response of the Armenians to the Hamidian massacres. In order to break the self-defense force of the Armenians, the authorities used the subjugation of this region. Realizing this circumstance, the Armenian national forces, particularly the Hnchakians, took measures to strengthen the mountainous region. In the summer of 1895, Garun Aghasi (Karapet Tur-Sargsyan), Mko Shahen (Mkhitar Seferyan) and others moved to Zeytun. Nazareth Chavush (Norashkharhyan) became the leader of the uprising.
The people of Zeytun, led by 75-year-old Ghazar Shovroyan and Aghasi, started an uprising in early October. By dawn on October 16, the 700-strong Turkish garrison was disarmed, 600 rifles, 2 German artillery pieces and a large quantity of other ammunition were seized. The red flag of the rebels was raised on the barracks with the inscription “Independent authority of Zeytun”. An interim government of Zeytun was formed, headed by Aghasi.
In November 1895, two Turkish armies moved on Zeytun. During the unequal battles in the beginning of December, Armenians inflicted heavy losses towards the enemy. The enemy gave more than a thousand killed and retreated. The news of this heroic battle of Zeytun reaches Europe as well. With the intervention of the great powers, on January 30, 1896, a peace was signed in Aleppo.
The Turkish army left the province, the Armenians were pardoned, their lives and property were secured.
The heroic uprising of Zeytun is one of the glorious pages of the Armenian military history.