OSCE President, Swedish Foreign Minister Anne Linden will pay a visit to Yerevan and Baku after the meeting with the OSCE Minsk Group. Yesterday, her special representative discussed the situation around Karabakh with Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Vladimir Titov.
Is the OSCE going to take decisive steps for the restoration of the Minsk Group format and for the political settlement? Does Russia, the author of the trilateral statement, agree that the status issue is not relevant?
Only the OSCE Minsk Group has a mandate to resolve the conflict, but four months after the end of the war, it has not taken exact actions. At the same time, the Western Co-Chairs of the Minsk Group, the United States and France, have expressed their views.
In particular, the US State Department denied the rumors spread by Baku that the US Ambassador to Baku had congratulated Azerbaijan on the “restoration of territorial integrity.” The US State Department noted that “the US supports the process under the auspices of the OSCE Minsk Group, is for resolving the issue on the principles of the Helsinki Final Act, that is the exclusion of the use of force, territorial integrity, equal rights and the right to self-determination.”
Baku, Moscow and Ankara failed to legitimize the results of the terrorist war against Artsakh, the United States refused to recognize the “territorial integrity” of Azerbaijan in its view.
The resolution submitted to the French Senate by the other co-chair of the Minsk Group, adopted on November 25, lists issues to be discussed: the restoration of the borders in 1994, the withdrawal of Azerbaijani troops and their supporters from the occupied territories, as well as protection of the population under the auspices of the Minsk Group through the deployment of international forces, according to the recommendations of the 2007 peace plan. On January 10, the Presidents of France and Russia, Emanuel Macron and Vladimir Putin discussed the situation in Nagorno-Karabakh. Macron mentioned that there is a need to start discussions on a “political solution”.
Armenia has stated that the war was terrorist, and its results are not considered as final settlement.
Yerevan and Stepanakert can initiate international decisions on the status of Artsakh via OSCE and achieve the replacement of Russian-Turkish troops with international peacekeepers, and also containment mechanisms. Armenia and Artsakh must announce about reunion.
In order to prevent these steps, Russia generates political default in Armenia through the political class and the majority of the media field, in order to ensure foreign governance and exclude Armenia’s sovereign decisions. Does the OSCE expect signs from Armenia and assess the possibility of military pressure against Armenia?