Yeghishe Charents (Yeghishe Abgari Soghomonyan), born in Kars , in March 13 of 1897, is an Armenian poet, writer, translator, publisher, member of the USSR Writers’ Union since 1934.
The literary name “Charents” became a civil surname for him from 1921.
In 1915 the 6th Armenian volunteer detachment crossed Mount Tapariz to the north-east of Lake Van, after joining the Russian army fighting the Turks. A volunteer from the Kars navy spoke at a naturally convened rally. The fire of patriotism burned in his eyes. This soldier-speaker was the future great poet Yeghishe Charents.
A unique expression of what he saw, experienced and felt was later the poet’s poem “Dantean Myth”, which is the first and most shocking response in Armenian literature to the world war of 1914-1918. The poem is one of the first written references to the genocide against Armenians.
In 1928-35 Charents worked at the Armenian State Publishing House in Haypethrat, first as a staff member of the Fine Arts Department, then as head of the Fine Arts Department, and from 1934 as editor-in-chief of the Armenian, Russian and Foreign Language publishing house.
In the severe 1930s persecution of writers, cultural figures and public figures began. Charents does not avoid this. In September, 1936 he was placed under house arrest and was soon arrested. The accusations were the same: nationalism, counter-revolution, terrorism, high treason.
Charents’ books were collected from libraries and bookshops. His wife Isabella was also arrested in the autumn of 1937.
Yeghishe Charents died in a prison hospital in Yerevan on November 7, 1937.
Yeghishe Charents is one of the greatest pioneers of Armenian literature. There is no field where the creative spirit of the patriot poet Charents can’t be felt. Even today, the poet’s contemporary works are always taught in all areas of education.