Alberto Miguel Fernandez, a former U.S. diplomat tweeted that it is worth looking “at restoring the Treaty of Sèvres.”
‘‘Greek City Times’’ reported. The article quoted Turkey’s Energy Minister Fatih Dönmez calling for the renegotiation of the 1923 Lausanne Treaty which set the borders of Greece and Turkey. In response to the article, Fernandez said it is “certainly worth looking at restoring the Treaty of Sèvres in place of the Lausanne Treaty.” The 1920 Treaty of Sèvres that preceded the Treaty of Lausanne had radically different borders for Turkey.
The Treaty of the Sevres was signed by the Sultanate of Turkey, between the Allies that won the First World War in 1914-18: Great Britain, Italy, France, Poland, Japan, Greece, Belgium, Portugal, Romania, Armenia, Czechoslovakia, the Serbs, the Croats and the Slovenes.
The treaty in particular referred to leaving the border between Turkey to the decision of the United States, to accept both its decision and all the proposals to give access to the sea to Armenia, the demilitarization of all the Ottoman territories adjacent to the border.
Turkey is so paranoid that the Treaty of Sèvres could return that there is the Sèvres Syndrome (Turkish: Sevr Sendromu), and the former diplomat’s tweet would have surely created irrational fear in Ankara.
Turkish historian Taner Akçam describes this syndrome as an ongoing perception that “there are forces which continually seek to disperse and destroy us, and it is necessary to defend the state against this danger.”