WESTERN ARMENIA- Handing over the International Peace Treaty to Turkey and the de jure recognition of the Republic of Armenia in the territory of Western Armenia on May 11, 1920.

The ceremony of presenting the peace treaty to Turkey took place in The Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in Paris, in the presence of Armenian delegation, as the new Armenian State is one of the treaty sides and there was a need for additional notes.

Let us remind in the introduction.

Taking into account, that the main allies have recognized Armenia as self-governed and independent state.

The Treaty prepared at the London Conference in February 1920 and finalized at the San Remo Conference on April 24, 1920 was handed over for signature to the Ottoman Government on May 11, 1920. 

The conditions that allies handed over to Turkey with Mr. Milerand’s help, were known in advance. They were strict, but worthy and could be more heavy, as there were rumors of taking Constantinople from the Turks, thus pushing back the seat of their government to Asia.

No one feels sorry for them, all this is a small atonement for their sins in return for the massacre against Armenians and other Christian peoples in 1915.

The Triple Entente described these events as new crimes against humanity, which they committed cold-heartedly, especially during the last twenty years.

Mr. Millerand headed the ceremony, Mr. De Fouquièr, Head of Protocol, introduced the delegates of the Ottoman Empire. On behalf of the Allies, Mr. Millerand gave them the Treaty draft. The authorities had decided that the discussions would take place in writing. The Ottoman government would be given a month to make its observations known.

Tefwik Pasha, shaking his hands from the document he had just received, answered a few words in a voice dispelled by excitement.

Mr. Millerand postponed the meeting, which had lasted five minutes.

The Treaty draft submitted to the Turkish delegates is divided into thirteen parts and 433 articles.

1 / The first part includes the League of Nations Covenant, which is given several roles in the Treaty. (Articles 1-26).

2 / The second part describes Turkey’s new borders in Europe and Asia. (Articles 27 to 35).

3 / The 3rd part including 13 sectors, obliges the Turks to accept the political changes to be made in Europe and Asia arising from the Treaty. (Articles 36 to 139).