Chronology of the Genocide against Armenians

  • by Western Armenia, April 09, 2024 in Armenocid

Baghdat Railway Share issued on December 31, 1903

In 1910 the German plan to build the Berlin-Baghdad railway and deport Armenians to Mesopotamia.

Taking over the construction and exploitation   of this railway through the territory of the Ottoman Empire in the late 19th and early 20th centuries Germany aimed to establish control over the Ottoman Empire, put under impact  England's positions in India and Egypt, and weaken Russia's position in the Caucasus.

Germany also connected the issue of the construction of the Baghdad railway with Western Armenia and its economic and military-political plans.

In the political circles of Germany, it was considered that in order to create Turkish homogeneity in Northeast Anatolia, it is necessary to massively resettle Armenians in the construction sites of the Baghdad railway.

with which it would be possible to solve two important issues,  the construction of the railway would be provided with entrepreneurial and qualified labor force, on the other hand, it would weaken the Russian influence in Western Armenia

In particular, the famous German political scientist Paul Rohrbach believed that "... native Armenians should be expelled from Western Armenia and Muslims brought from Trakia  and Russia should be resettled in their place, and in that case, Armenia will break away from Russia in one fell swoop."

Rorbach suggested that the Armenians of Western Armenia migrate to Mesopotamia, which, in his opinion, would contribute to "... the economic development of the road". This view of the Germans became the basis for the pro-Armenian policy of the young turks.