Baku’s Letter to UNESCO

  • by Western Armenia, May 30, 2024 in Culture

Starting from 2021, official Baku is promoting the idea of ​​so-called "Western azerbaijan", under which the Azerbaijani propaganda machine understands the territory of present-day Eastern Armenia.

In this way, Baku, without concealing it, indirectly and in many cases also directly begins to show territorial aspirations towards the sovereign territory of Eastern Armenia, quoting false historical and demographic "facts" and distorting historical and archival data.

In 2022, the so-called "Western azerbaijan Community" was registered, which is the name of the "azerbaijani Refugee Union" NGO, which was changed in August 2022.

Baku gave this public organization an official position, Ilham Aliyev visited the community office, and "West azerbaijan" state television was opened in Baku on May 1. First of all, Yerevan city and Yerevan mosques were targeted by Baku's propaganda machine.

The main thesis is that, allegedly, "the Armenian side deliberately destroyed the Islamic cultural heritage of the city, because it is Azerbaijani." Many programs and videos have been filmed on this topic in recent years.

In this regard, we consider it necessary to mention that there are many publications about the mosques in the city of Yerevan, starting from the 19th century. They were described by travelers (including Armenian researchers), valuing their architectural and decorative features.

This topic did not escape the Armenian academic thought of the 20th century either. In the works dedicated to Yerevan, the mosques and Islamic structures of the city are naturally presented.

Most of Yerevan's Islamic monuments were built in the 17th-19th centuries, when the city, like all of Eastern Armenia, was under Persian rule, and Yerevan was the center of the Persia.

The Islamic population of Yerevan was multi-ethnic. Persians, representatives of various turkic tribes, who were mentioned in 19th-century documents as Caucasian Tatars, lived here.

Yerevan mosques are examples of Persian religious architecture of the 17th-19th centuries, so talking about them as "azerbaijani architecture" is nonsense.

When Yerevan and all of Eastern Armenia were annexed to the Russian Empire, then the mosques of Yerevan appeared, the first descriptions of their physical condition, all of which have been published.

We can state that the evidence of the largest number of simultaneously existing mosques in Yerevan refers to the second half of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century.

In the 19th century, in Yerevan, there were mentioned 6 operating mosques, according to some data, 7 mosques. We consider it worth noting that, according to the archival data and descriptions of the 19th century, some of the mosques were not functioning, there were also those in a state of emergency, which was due to the Russo-Persian war and the reconstructions made by the Russian authorities.

As a result of this, the mosques on the territory of the Yerevan fortress were in a state of emergency. And the Yerevan fortress belonged to the Russian military authorities. Starting from the first days of the 2020 war, Azerbaijan has dealt repeated blows to the Armenian heritage of Artsakh by violating many UNESCO norms of war and cultural heritage in the occupied territories, in case of armed clashes, gross violations of the Hague and Geneva Conventions.

In addition to the destruction, violating the 1994 UNESCO document on the authenticity of Nara, he slandered, deprived of Armenian authenticity and distorted Armenian spiritual values.

He destroyed the unique examples of khachkar art, considered a world heritage by UNESCO since 2010, inflicting a blow not only on Artsakh, but also on the entire humanity.

UNESCO has not reacted in any way to the destruction of the foundations of 3 churches in Artsakh, including the Green Hour Church of St. Hovhannes the Baptist in Shushi. UNESCO did not respond to the destruction of 7 documented and recorded historical cemeteries.

UNESCO's mission should be implemented in Artsakh immediately to prevent the ongoing cultural genocide.