Cultural genocide in Tigranakert

  • by Western Armenia, November 01, 2023 in Culture

Journalist Sedat Memmedova often conducts anti-Armenian propaganda on her YouTube channel. In one of these videos, he is particularly proud that the park of the royal springs of Tigranakert has been transformed into a barbecue.

Next to the pond dug by the Tigranakert archaeological expedition, the Azerbaijanis built a concrete platform and installed barbecue grills, one of which was placed right at the edge of the dug pond. During the Soviet years, the Azerbaijanis transformed the fortress built near the springs in the mid-18th century into a restaurant. Thus, the practice of transforming the historical and cultural environment into a kebab center is an old tradition.

Note that since 2010, before the 44-day war, the Tigranakert Archaeological Museum was located in the castle, and the area of the Royal Springs Park was developed and served as a platform for cultural events. By transforming the royal park of Tigranakert into a barbecue, Baku violates the historicity and integrity of cultural heritage, deprives the heritage of the possibility of being transmitted to generations with a function equivalent to its authenticity, of the convention, of the document of Nara on the authenticity of cultural heritage adopted in Japan in 1994, as well as the document adopted by ICOMOS in New Delhi in 2017 and documents of other international organizations. Furthermore, according to Article 4 of the Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict of 1954 and Article 9(c) of the Second Additional Protocol of 1999, any transformation of cultural property, as well as any change in the manner in which it is used, is prohibited, aims to hide or destroy cultural, historical or scientific evidence.

By disrupting the true tradition of heritage, Baku also violates the 2001 law "On the protection of cultural diversity" and 2005 provisions of the conventions "On the protection and promotion of the diversity of forms of cultural expression", including she is a member. Changing the function of cultural heritage also violates the provisions of UNESCO's 2003 "Convention for the Protection of Intangible Cultural Heritage", Article 11 of which requires States to respect the values of intangible heritage, regardless of be their origin and their functions.