On the issue of Armenians in Western Armenia 

  • by Western Armenia, July 18, 2023 in Culture

The earliest mentions of Vortan, a miraculous dye, date back to the time of Movses Khorenatsi and Lazar Parpetsi. Medieval historians described the scarlet vortan in their works. Here's how Lazar Parpetsi describes it in his history: "Also, it does not feed in vain on the shoots of reed-worshipping plants from the most coveted domain of Ararat, but also by giving birth to worms in the form of a red jewel, it offers utility and luxury to those who use it."

In addition to Armenian authors, testimonies from foreign historians have also been preserved. Arab historians wrote about the red insect: "Armenians have a very strange insect found nowhere except in Armenia. It's a red insect that lives in the ground and appears only ten days a year, early in the morning, during which time it must be collected."

Roman historians also report that in 275, the Shah of Persia sent the emperor Aregianos a gift of apricot-colored cloth, the magnificent color of which surprised the emperor who had seen so much that he absolutely wanted to know its homeland, and they informed him that such a thing could only be found in Armenia.

Often, in faraway lands, instead of the "Armenian world," they used the expression "The Red Land of the Vortan." Vermilion production was the monopoly of Armenian kings. There were special paint workshops in the city of Artashat, called royal. The Arabs called Artashat the scarlet city.