The Well-preserved Famous Castles  and Fortresses of Western Armenia: Ardahan Fortress

  • by Western Armenia, May 22, 2024 in Patrimony

Ardahan fortress was also called Qajats fortress. It is located in the center of the walled city, on a high and hard-to-reach rock hill.

It has existed since ancient times. In the 9th century it passed to the Bagratunis.

The latter remodeled and further strengthened the fort. In the 11th century, the Ardahan fortress was captured by Georgian troops. In 1236, the fortress was taken over by the Mongols. In 1266, the fortress passed to Samtskhe-Saatabago Georgian rule.

At the beginning of the 15th century, Ardahan Fortress was conquered by Sultan Suleiman I of the Ottoman Empire.

In 1555, it became the center of Ardahan Province of Akhaltskha. In 1828,on August 22,  Russian troops captured the Ardahan fortress and destroyed it. In 1829, on September 2, by the peace treaty of Adrianople, the fortress of Ardahan was again returned to Turkey.

In 1877, on May 5,  Russian troops again occupied the fortress of Ardahan. 1877-1878 As a result of the Russian-Turkish war, both the Ardahan fortress and the entire Ardahan region were annexed to Russia, entering the Kars region.

In 1918, on March 6,turkish troops invading Transcaucasia captured Ardahan. In the spring of 1919, Ardahan was liberated by the Armenian-British troops and joined the Republic of Armenia.

At the beginning of November 1920, it was captured by the Turkish troops led by Qyazim Karabekir Pasha.