Hamshen people have genetic origin from  Western Armenia not from Central Asia

  • by Western Armenia, December 18, 2023 in Society

Genoplot, an online service designed for the visualization of genetic origins, has published an article confirming that the Hamshen people have Armenian, not Central Asian, genetic origins.

In the article mentions that the Hamshens are an isolated geographical group of Armenians with a strong ethnic identity who lived in the Pontos area on the southern coast of the Black Sea until the early decades of the 20th century.

Scholars have alternative views on their origins, suggesting Eastern Armenia, Western Armenia, and Central Asia respectively as their most likely homelands.

 Genoplot online service in order  to determine whether genetic data from the non-recombining portion of the Y chromosome supports any of these propositions they tested 12 biallelic and 6 microsatellite Y-chromosome markers in 82 Armenian men of Hamshen descent.

These data were compared with corresponding datasets from representative populations of the three candidate regions.

The genetic difference between the Hamshen and other groups is significant and supports the hypothesis of the Armenian origin of the Hamshen, indicating central historical Armenia as the homeland of the ancestral population.

This conclusion is further strengthened by the results of the mixture analysis,which do not support the  hypothrsis that hamshens originated from Central Asia.

Genetic diversity values ​​and genetic distance patterns suggest a high degree of genetic isolation of the Hamshen  consistent with the preservation of a distinct and ancient dialect of the Armenian language.